GAMBARAN INSTRUMENTAL ACTIVITY OF DAILY LIVING (IADL) DAN PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING PADA LANSIA DI KOTA BANDA ACEH | ELECTRONIC THESES AND DISSERTATION

Electronic Theses and Dissertation

Universitas Syiah Kuala

    SKRIPSI

GAMBARAN INSTRUMENTAL ACTIVITY OF DAILY LIVING (IADL) DAN PSYCHOLOGICAL WELL-BEING PADA LANSIA DI KOTA BANDA ACEH


Pengarang

Maya Juwinda - Personal Name;

Dosen Pembimbing

Dara Febriana - 198102242005012002 - Dosen Pembimbing I
Khairani - 197805282006042002 - Penguji



Nomor Pokok Mahasiswa

1412101010029

Fakultas & Prodi

Fakultas Keperawatan / Ilmu Keperawatan (S1) / PDDIKTI : 14201

Subject
-
Kata Kunci
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Penerbit

Banda Aceh : Fakultas Keperawatan., 2022

Bahasa

No Classification

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Proses penuaan mengakibatkan lansia mengalami perubahan pada fisik, psikologis, dan sosial budaya. Perubahan yang dialami akan mempengaruhi lansia dalam melakukan aktivitas sehari-hari terutama instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) sehingga mempengaruhi kesehatan psikologis lansia terutama psychological well-being. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui gambaran instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) dan psychological well-being pada lansia di Kota Banda Aceh. Jenis penelitian kuantitatif deskriptif study dengan desain cross sectional study. Teknik pengambilan sampel yaitu purpose sampling dengan jumlah sampel 210 responden. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesinoner instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) Lawton pychological well-being Scale Ryff. Data penelitian dianalisis mengunakan distribusi frekuensi. Hasil penelitian untuk gambaran instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) mandiri 154 responden (73.3%) dan memerlukan bantuan 56 responden (26.7%), serta untuk psychological well-nbing tinggi 196 responden (93.3%), sedang 7 responden (3.3%), dan rendah 7 responden (3.3%). Diharapkan kepada lansia untuk dapat selalu menjaga Kesehatan fisik dan Kesehatan psikologis untuk bisa melakukan instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) dan psychological well-being.

The aging process causes the elderly to experience physical, psychological, and socio-cultural changes. These changes might affect the elderly in doing their daily activities, especially the instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) and affect their mental state, particularly their psychological well-being. The objective of this research was to describe the instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) and psychological well-being of the elderly in Banda Aceh. This quantitative-descriptive research was conducted by using a cross-sectional study design. A number of 210 respondents were chosen as the samples by means of a purposive sampling technique. The data were collected by distributing the questionnaires measuring the instrumental activity of daily living (IADL) by Lawton and psychological well-being by Ryff. The data were then analyzed by using a frequency distribution. The results show that by considering the IADLs, 154 respondents (73.3%) were in the independent category and 56 respondents (26.7%) were in dependent (needing assistance) category. In addition, the psychological well-being of 196 respondents (93.3%) was in high category while that of 7 respondents (3.3%) was in medium category, and that of the other 7 respondents (3.3%) was in low category. Hence, it is suggested that the elderly maintain their physical and psychological health in order to support the completion of their IADLs and improve their psychological well-being.

Citation



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