DAMPAK PANDEMI COVID-19 TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI SEKTOR PARIWISATA DI INDONESIA MELALUI MEDIASI INDIKATOR PARIWISATA | ELECTRONIC THESES AND DISSERTATION

Electronic Theses and Dissertation

Universitas Syiah Kuala

    THESES

DAMPAK PANDEMI COVID-19 TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI SEKTOR PARIWISATA DI INDONESIA MELALUI MEDIASI INDIKATOR PARIWISATA


Pengarang

Mursalina - Personal Name;

Dosen Pembimbing

Raja Masbar - 195304191980121001 - Dosen Pembimbing I
Suriani - 197505062006042001 - Dosen Pembimbing II



Nomor Pokok Mahasiswa

2001201010011

Fakultas & Prodi

Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis / Ilmu Ekonomi (S2) / PDDIKTI : 60101

Penerbit

Banda Aceh : Prog. Studi Magister Ilmu Ekonomi., 2022

Bahasa

Indonesia

No Classification

338.9

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ABSTRAK

DAMPAK PANDEMI COVID-19 TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI SEKTOR PARIWISATA DI INDONESIA MELALUI MEDIASI INDIKATOR PARIWISATA

Oleh :Mursalina
NPM : 2001201010011

Pembimbing 1 : Prof. Dr. Raja Masbar, M.Sc.
Pembimbing 2 : Dr. Suriani, S.E., M.Si.

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dampak pandemi Covid-19 terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi sektor pariwisata di Indonesia baik secara langsung atau melalui mediasi kunjungan wisatawan mancanegara (wisman), investasi dan tenaga kerja sektor pariwisata. Selain itu, penelitian ini juga akan menganalisis apakah interaksi antara pandemi Covid-19 dengan variabel kunjungan wisatawan mancanegara, investasi dan tenaga kerja di sektor pariwisata berpengaruh terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi sektor pariwisata sehingga dapat menganalisis perbedaan pertumbuhan PDB pariwisata sebelum dan selama pandemi Covid-19 terjadi. Penelitian dilakukan menggunakan regresi data panel pada 22 provinsi di Indonesia yang memiliki pintu masuk kedatangan wisman pada periode 2018Q1 – 2021Q2. Melalui analisis jalur diperoleh hasil bahwa pandemi Covid-19 berpengaruh secara langsung terhadap pertumbuhan PDB sektor pariwisata yaitu memberikan dampak negatif. Variabel wisman, investasi dan tenaga kerja di sektor pariwisata secara signifikan memediasi pengaruh pandemi Covid-19 terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi sektor pariwisata. Hasil regresi data panel dengan interaksi menunjukkan bahwa interaksi pandemi Covid-19 (dummy Covid-19) dengan variabel wisman, investasi dan tenaga kerja sektor pariwisata berpengaruh signifikan terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi sektor pariwisata, artinya terdapat perbedaan pengaruh variabel tersebut terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi sektor pariwisata pada periode sebelum dan selama pandemi Covid-19 terjadi. Diharapkan penelitian ini dapat memberikan gambaran objektif tentang dampak dari pandemi Covid-19 di Indonesia dan menjadi tolak ukur perumusan kebijakan dalam menghadapi guncangan akibat pandemi ini.
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Kata Kunci: Analisis Jalur, Investasi, Pandemi Covid-19, Pariwisata, Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Sektor Pariwisata, Tenaga Kerja

ABSTRACT IMPACT OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON ECONOMIC GROWTH OF THE TOURISM SECTOR IN INDONESIA THROUGH THE MEDIATION OF TOURISM INDICATORS By :Mursalina NPM : 2001201010011 Supervisor 1 : Prof. Dr. Raja Masbar, M.Sc. Supervisor 2 : Dr. Suriani, S.E., M.Si. This study aims to determined the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on the economic growth of the tourism sector in Indonesia, either directly or through mediating tourist arrivals, investment and labour in the tourism sector. In addition, this study wants to analyzed whether the interaction between COVID-19 pandemic and the variables of tourist arrivals, investment and labor in the tourism sector affects economic growth of the tourism sector; so that it can analyzed the differences in tourism GDP growth before and during COVID-19 pandemic. The study was conducted using panel data regression in 22 provinces in Indonesia that have entrances for foreign tourists in the 2018Q1 – 2021Q2 period. Through path analysis, the results showed that the Covid-19 pandemic has a direct effect on GDP growth in the tourism sector, which has a negative impact. In addition, the variables of tourist arrivals, investment and labor in the tourism sector significantly mediated the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economic growth of the tourism sector. The results of panel data regression with interactions showed that the interaction of the COVID-19 pandemic (dummy COVID-19) with the variables of tourist arrivals, investment and labor in the tourism sector has a significant effect on economic growth of the tourism sector, it means that there are differences in the influence of these independent variables on the economic growth of the tourism sector in the period before and during the COVID-19 pandemic. This research is expected to provide an objective description of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia and become a benchmark for policy formulation in dealing with shocks caused by the pandemic. Keywords: Path Analysis, Investment, Covid-19 Pandemic, Tourism, Economic Growth of the Tourism Sector, Labor.

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