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THE USE OF PREVIEW, QUESTION, READ, STATE, AND TEST (PQRST) TECHNIQUE IN IMPROVING STUDENTS’ READING COMPREHENSION (AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY AT THE FIRST YEAR STUDENTS OF MAS INSAN QURANI, ACEH BESAR)

BACA FULL TEXT ABSTRAK Pemesanan Versi cetak
Pengarang Nurul Latifa - Personal Name
SubjectREADING
TEACHING METHODS
Bahasa English
Fakultas Graduate Program (S2) Departement of English Language Education, Syiah Kuala University
Tahun Terbit 2018

Abstrak/Catatan

ABSTRACT Latifa, Nurul. 2017. The Use of Preview, Question, Read, State, and Test (PQRST) Technique in Improving Students’ Reading Comprehension (An Experimental study at MAS Insan Qur’ani , Aceh Besar). Thesis, Graduate Program in English Language Education. Syiah Kuala University, Darussalam, Banda Aceh. Advisors: (1) Dr. Sofyan A. Gani, M.A. (2) Abdul Manan, M.Sc., M.A., Ph.D Key Words: PQRST Technique, Teaching Reading. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of Preview, Question, Read, State, and Test (PQRST) Technique in teaching reading at the first grade students of Madrasah Aliyah Swasta Insan Qur’ani Aneuk Batee, Aceh Besar. A quasi experimental design was used and the data were collected through tests and questionnaires as the instruments. A set of test in the form of multiple choice items were administrated. The test consisted of 20 questions with 5 options. The population of this study was all the first grade students of MAS Insan Qur’ani which was divided into 4 classes. Then, the two classes were taken as the samples of the experimental group and control group by using random sampling technique. A number of 20 students in science class participated for the experimental group and 20 students in religious class participated for the control group. The first data was analyzed by using normality test, test of variance, and t-test which was assisted by the software SPSS (Statistical Product and Service Solution) version 22. Moreover, the second data was analyzed by using the percentage formula. The finding showed that PQRST technique improved students’ reading comprehension. The experimental group students had higher reading scores (79) than those of control group (55.5). The students’ reading achievement in both groups were different as indicated by t-score. The result of t-score between two groups is 4.425, the significant difference score is 0.000 which is lower than α = 0.05. It means that there is significant difference between two groups. Therefore, the alternate hypotheses is accepted and null hypotheses is rejected. In other words, it could be concluded that the PQRST technique effectively improved the students’ achievement in reading skill such as main idea, inference, reference, vocabulary and stated detail as well as gave many advantages to the students.

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