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TEACHING SPEAKING BY USING TOTAL PHYSICAL RESPONSE (An Experimental Research at SMP 1 Lhokseumawe)

BACA FULL TEXT ABSTRAK Pemesanan Versi cetak
Pengarang Teuku Mustaqim - Personal Name
SubjectSTUDY METHOD OF
Bahasa Indonesia
Fakultas Fakultas Pascasarjana
Tahun Terbit 2013

Abstrak/Catatan

English has become a compulsary subject at junior high schools in Indonesia. The main aim of teaching English is to develope four language skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing). Speaking is one of the skills which should be developed in teaching English. To attain the aim of teaching speaking, teachers should master some factors such as methods and materials. This research is about Teaching Speaking by using Total Physical Response (TPR). The aim of this research is to find out if students who are taught through TPR get better results than those who are taught by using conventional method. This research was conducted from January 〖14〗^th, 2013 to February 〖28〗^th, 2013. The population of this research was the seventh grade students of SMP N 1 Lhokseumawe in academic year 2012/2013. The researcher took the sample by using cluster random sampling, 26 students belong to the experimental class and 26 students belong to the control class. The research instruments used to collect the data in this study were oral tests. The pre-test and the post-test were given to the two classes; the experimental class and the control class. The result of the test was the students’ scores of the experimental class and the control class. The data then were analyzed by using t-test formula. After analyzing the data, it was found that (1) there is a significant difference in speaking achievement between students taught by using TPR and those taught by conventional method, (2) the class taught by using TPR gets a better achievement in speaking skill than those taught by conventional method. It can be concluded that TPR is better than conventional method in teaching speaking. This is proved by the test result where t-test score is higher than t-table (11.36 >1.67 ). Besides, the reseacher found that the mean scores of the two classes were different. The experimental class got a better mean score of the post-test (66.46) compared to the control class who got (56.00). TPR could improve students’ speaking skill than conventional method. It means that the use of TPR is more effective than that of conventional method in improving students’ speaking skill.

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