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GRAMMATICAL ERROR ANALYSIS ON STUDENTS’ SPEAKING PERFORMANCE (A QUALITATIVE STUDY AT THE THIRD SEMESTER ENGLISH EDUCATION STUDENTS OF SYIAH KUALA UNIVERSITY)

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Abstract Name : Safrida HG Student No. : 1106102020062 Study Program : English Education Title : Grammatical Error Analysis on Students’ Speaking Performance (A Qualitative Study at The Third Semester English Education Students of Syiah Kuala University) Keywords: Error analysis, surface strategy taxonomy, causes of errors, speaking Many EFL learners produce many errors in their speaking regarding grammatical aspect. It is important to know the most dominant grammatical errors and the causes of errors produced by the learners. Thus, the present study aims at analyzing the most dominant errors and causes of errors committed by the third semester students of Syiah Kuala University on their speaking. The method used is qualitative that describe the errors committed by eight students. To obtain the data, the participants were asked to tell a short story about their most memorable experience. Furthermore, the writer followed the Error Analysis (EA) procedures to analyze the data. Moroever, the errors were classified into surface strategy taxonomy. The result shows that the most dominant errors were omission (55%) followed by misformation (29%), addition (13%), and misordering (3%). The current study investigated that the causes of errors were intra-lingual and inter-lingual interference. Meanwhile, intra-lingual interference was considered as the major cause of the students’ errors. In conclusion, the students still have a serious problem in term of grammatical aspect, especially omission of noun inflections and irregular past tenses, and misformation of auxiliaries. It is suggested that the lecturers and the students do some efforts to reduce the grammatical errors in speaking, such as grammar drill and error correction.

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