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PENGARUH LAMA PERENDAMAN MENGGUNAKAN ANTIOKSIDAN KURKUMIN DAN PERIODE SIMPAN TERHADAP VIABILITAS BENIH BUNGA MATAHARI (HELIANTHUS ANNUUS L.)

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Pengarang Maidatus Saumi - Personal Name

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THE EFFECT OF SOAKING TIME USING ANTIOXIDANT CURCUMIN AND STORAGE PERIOD FOR THE VIABILITY OF SUNFLOWER SEEDS (Helianthus annuusL.) MAIDATUS SAUMI 0805101050001 Prodi. Agroteknologi/ Fakultas Pertanian Abstract The sunflower seed (Helianthus annuusL.) is one of the vegetable oil source that has not been used optimally in Indonesia. The high content of unsaturated fatty acids made sunflower seeds could not be retained for a long time, because of the oxidation process during the storage period. In this study, the treatment used anti-oxidant substances for extending the seeds. This research aimed to determined the effect of soaking time using the antioxidant curcumin and storage period for sunflower seed viability.. The design used by Completely Randomized Design (CRD) 4 x 6 factorial design with three replications. The first factor was the prolonged submersion (L) consisting of: L0 = without treatment (control), L1 = 3 hours, L2 = 6 hours, L3 = 9 hours. The second factor was the storage period (P) consisted of: P0 = without storage (control), P1 = 2 weeks, P2 = 4 weeks, 6 weeks = P3, P4 = 8 weeks and P5 = 10 weeks.The results showed that the soaking time using the antioxidant curcumin for applying in viability of sunflower seeds were very significant effect on the maximum growth potential, germination, and also did not influence the real effect on the T50, relative growth rate, vigor index and normal germination of dry weight. Hence, the best viability was found in the seed treatment without storage period (control). There was a very real interaction between soaking period by using antioxidants that implemented by the storage period of the maximum growth potential, germination, T50, relative growth rate, vigor index and normal germination of dry weight. The best treatment combination was found in the treatment without soaking and storage period. Keywords: sunflower seeds,thumeric, antioxidant, viability

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