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PENGARUH EKSTRAK BIJI PINANG DAN KULIT BUAH JENGKOL TERHADAP MORTALITAS HAMA KEONG MAS (POMACEA CANALICULATA LAMARCK)

BACA FULL TEXT ABSTRAK Pemesanan Versi cetak
Pengarang sarfuan - Personal Name
SubjectINSECTS - AGRICULTURAL PESTS
Bahasa Indonesia
Fakultas Fakultas Pertanian
Tahun Terbit 2015

Abstrak/Catatan

THE EFFECT OF EXTRACTS OF ARECA AND FRUIT PEEL PHITHECELOBIUM ON SNAIL MORTALITY (Pomacea canaliculata Lamarck) Sarfuan1), Alfian Rusdy2), Hasnah3) 1)Alumni Program Studi Agroteknologi Fakultas Pertanian Unsyiah, 2)Staf Pengajar Program Studi Agroteknologi Fakultas Pertanian Unsyiah ABSTRACT Snails (Pomacea canaliculata Lamarck) (Gastropoda: Ampullaridae) there is also a call snail mulberry is one species of freshwater snail is an important pest in rice plants. Control pests by farmers typically still use synthetic chemical insecticides, it can have negative impacts on the environment. In connection with that, the pest control needs to be done in a safe manner that does not adversely impact on humans and the environment, using vegetable insecticides. The plant that is a vegetable molluscicides include betel nut (Areca catechu) and rind phithecolobium (Pithecellobium lobatum) . This riset using factorial completely randomized design consisting of 3 levels areca seed extract and fruit skin extracts phitecolobium 3 levels, so there are 9 combination treatments and 3 replications and one control unit, so there are 28 experimental units. The parameters examined, is mortality snails, the percentage inhibition of eating snails and time of death. The results showed that the combined use of betel nut extract and rind of phitecolobium effective in controlling the pest snails. The highest mortality of snails found in 3% of applications areca seed extract for 100 ml of solution is 87.89% and 3% of the fruit skin extracts phithecolobium for 100 ml of solution is 95.56% after 3 days of application. The highest percentage of inhibition eat 3% found in betel nut extract for 100 ml of solution is 54.40%, while for the fruit skin extracts phithecolobium 1% for 100 ml of solution is 48.59%. Mix 2 ml of fruit skin extracts phithecolobium plus 1 ml extract of betel nut has been able to kill snails 90% in 2 days after application. Keywords = Areca seed extract, Pomacea canaliculata L., mortality, phitecolobium extract.

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