HUBUNGAN PATRON KLIEN ANTARA PETANI DAN AGENRNDALAM PENENTUAN HARGA MINYAK SERAI WANGIRN(STUDI DI KAMPUNG URING KECAMATAN PINING RNKABUPATEN GAYO LUES) | ELECTRONIC THESES AND DISSERTATION

Electronic Theses and Dissertation

Universitas Syiah Kuala

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HUBUNGAN PATRON KLIEN ANTARA PETANI DAN AGENRNDALAM PENENTUAN HARGA MINYAK SERAI WANGIRN(STUDI DI KAMPUNG URING KECAMATAN PINING RNKABUPATEN GAYO LUES)


Pengarang

ISMAIL - Personal Name;

Dosen Pembimbing

Zakaria - 195912311986031029 - Dosen Pembimbing I
Firdaus Mirza Nusuary - 198610162019031009 - Dosen Pembimbing II
Bukhari - 197505242009121001 - Penguji
Masrizal - 198404152010121005 - Penguji



Nomor Pokok Mahasiswa

1710101010026

Fakultas & Prodi

Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Politik / Sosiologi (S1) / PDDIKTI : 69201

Subject
-
Kata Kunci
-
Penerbit

Banda Aceh : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik., 2022

Bahasa

No Classification

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ABSTRAK
Petani serai wangi yang ada di Kabupaten Gayo Lues mengalami permasalahan
terkait tidak stabilnya harga minyak serai wangi. Petani serai wangi banyak yang
lesu akibat dari tidak stabilnya harga ketika menjual produk tersebut pada agen.
Berbeda halnya dengan Kampung Uring Kecamatan Pining yang sampai saat ini
tetap memproduksi minyak serai wangi meskipun harga tidak stabil. Tujuan
penelitian ini ialah untuk melihat hubungan patron klien antara petani dan agen di
Kampung Uring Kecamatan Pining dalam menentukan harga jual minyak serai
wangi. Metode penelitian yang digunakan ialah kualitatif dengan pendekatan
deskriptif. Pengumpulan data digunakan melalui observasi wawancara dan
dokumentasi. Hasil Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hubungan patron klien antara
petani dan agen dalam penentuan harga baik itu secara inequality of exchange,
face to face character, dan difuse flexibility. Pada aspek inequality of exchange
terjadinya pertukaran yang tidak sama namun saling menguntungkan dan timbal
balik. Agen (patron) memberikan sumberdaya ekonomi dan perlindungan
terhadap petani serai wangi, bahkan petani serai wangi di Kampung Uring bisa
menggunakan sistem hutang kepada patronnya sebelum minyak serai wangi telah
selesai ia produksi. Pada aspek face to face character hubungan instrumental
antara agen dan petani dipengaruhi oleh kualitas barang, keterbukaan informasi
dan kejujuran. Pada aspek Difuse flexibility, karena sama-sama berasal dai
masyarakat Kampung Uring, maka ikatan agen dan petani juga terbentuk dalam
sosial masyarakat serta juga ada ikatan saudara.
Kata Kunci : Agen, Bisnis, Klien, Patron, Petani.


ABSTRACT Citronella farmers in Gayo Lues Regency are experiencing problems related to unstable citronella oil prices. Many citronella farmers are sluggish as a result of unstable prices when selling these products to agents. Unlike the case with Uring Village, Pining District, which until now continues to produce citronella oil even though the price is unstable. The purpose of this study was to examine the patronclient relationship between farmers and agents in Uring Village, Pining District, in determining the selling price of citronella oil. The research method used is qualitative with a descriptive approach. Data collection was used through observation, interviews and documentation. The results of the study show that the patron-client relationship between farmers and agents in determining prices is either in terms of inequality of exchange, face to face character, and diffuse flexibility. In the aspect of inequality of exchange, exchanges are not the same but mutually beneficial and reciprocal. Agents (patrons) provide economic resources and protection for citronella farmers, even citronella farmers in Uring Village can use a debt system to their patrons before the citronella oil has been produced. In the face to face character aspect, the instrumental relationship between agents and farmers is influenced by the quality of goods, information disclosure and honesty. In the aspect of Diffuse flexibility, because they both come from the people of Uring Village, the bond between agents and farmers is also formed in the social community and there are also kinship ties. Keywords: Agent, Business, Client, Patron, Farmer.

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