Citronella farmers in Gayo Lues Regency are experiencing problems related to
unstable citronella oil prices. Many citronella farmers are sluggish as a result of
unstable prices when selling these products to agents. Unlike the case with Uring
Village, Pining District, which until now continues to produce citronella oil even
though the price is unstable. The purpose of this study was to examine the patronclient
the selling price of citronella oil. The research method used is
qualitative with a descriptive approach. Data collection was used through
observation, interviews and documentation. The results of the study show that the
patron-client relationship between farmers and agents in determining prices is
either in terms of inequality of exchange, face to face character, and diffuse
flexibility. In the aspect of inequality of exchange, exchanges are not the same but
mutually beneficial and reciprocal. Agents (patrons) provide economic resources
and protection for citronella farmers, even citronella farmers in Uring Village can
use a debt system to their patrons before the citronella oil has been produced. In
the face to face character aspect, the instrumental relationship between agents and
farmers is influenced by the quality of goods, information disclosure and honesty.
In the aspect of Diffuse flexibility, because they both come from the people of
Uring Village, the bond between agents and farmers is also formed in the social
community and there are also kinship ties.
Keywords: Agent, Business, Client, Patron, Farmer.