Universitas Syiah Kuala | ELECTRONIC THESES AND DISSERTATION

Electronic Theses and Dissertation

Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Uswatun Hasanah, GAMBARAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, PERILAKU, KECEMASAN DAN DUKUNGAN KELUARGA PADA LANSIA TERKAIT VAKSINASI COVID-19 DI KOTA BANDA ACEH. Banda Aceh Fakultas Keperawatan (S1),2022

Vaksinasi merupakan suatu strategi yang dilakukan pemerintah untuk meningkatkan kekebalan dan memutuskan rantai penyebaran covid-19. peran keluarga sangat dibutuhkan bagi kelompok resiko tinggi seperti lanjut usia untuk meningkatkan pengetahuan, sikap, perilaku dalam melakukan vaksinasi serta menurunkan kecemasan yang terjadi di masa pandemi covid-19. penelitian ini meggunakan desain penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif dengan pendekatan crosssectional. teknik pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara proportional sampling berjumlah 389 responden di kota banda aceh dengan metode wawancara terpimpin menggunakan tiga instrumen baku yaitu knowledge, attitude, and practice (kap), geriatric anxiety scale (gas), dan development of the family support scale (fss). hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa lansia di kota banda aceh bersedia melakukan tindakan vaksinasi covid-19 sebanyak 233 responden (67.4%) dan 127 responden (32.6%) menolak vaksinasi dengan alasan efek samping dan keamanannya buruk (29.3%). umumnya lansia masih merasakan kekhawatiran terhadap program vaksin (63.0%). tingkat pengetahuan lansia mengenai penyakit covid-19 dan vaksinasi covid-19 di kota banda aceh berada pada kategori rendah (54.5%), tingkat kecemasan lansia selama masa pandemi covid-19 berada pada kategori kecemasan minimal (76.6%), dengan tingkat dukungan keluarga pada kategori tinggi (45.0%). disarankan kepada tim pelayanan kesehatan untuk memberikan edukasi terkait keamanan vaksin, baik secara tatap muka maupun melalui media agar meningkatkan penerimaan vaksin pada masyarakat.



Abstract

Vaccination is the strategy of the government to increase immunity and break the chain of the spread of COVID-19. The family role is essential in the high-risk group like the elderly to raise the knowledge, attitude, and behavior in performing the vaccination and reducing anxiety during the COVID-19 pandemic. This research used the quantitative descriptive design with a cross-sectional approach. The sampling used proportional sampling to 389 respondents in Banda Aceh. The sampling used a guided interview method with three standard instruments, which are Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice (KAP), Geriatric Anxiety Scale (GAS), and Development of The Family Support Scale (FSS). The result of the research showed that 233 (67.4%) of the elderly respondents in Banda Aceh were willing to get vaccinated. In comparison, 127 (32.6%) of them refused to get vaccinated because of side effects and poor safety (29.3%). Mostly the elderly still have some concerns about the vaccination program (63.0%). The level of the elderly's knowledge about the COVID-19 and COVID-19 vaccination was still in the low category (54.5%), and the anxiety level during the COVID-19 pandemic was in the minimal category (76.6%). Family support was in the high category (45.0%). The health worker team is expected to provide education about vaccine safety, both face-to-face and through the media, to increase vaccine acceptance in the community.



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