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THE USE OF SHORT STORIES IN TEACHING READING COMPREHENSION (AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY AT ENGLISH STUDENTS, FACULTY OF TARBIYAH, MUHAMMADIYAH UNIVERSITY OF ACEH)

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ABSTRACT Hasbaini, 2012. The Use of Short Stories in Teaching Reading Comprehension (An Experimental Study at English Students, Facuty of Tarbiyah, Muhammadiyah University of Aceh). Thesis. Graduate Program in English Language Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Syiah Kuala University, Darussalam, Banda Aceh Advisors : (1) Dr. Bustami Usman, M.Pd. (2) Abdul Manan, M.Sc., M.A., Ph.D. Key words: Short Story, and Reading Comprehension. The objectives of this study were to find out whether there was any significant in teaching reading comprehension between the students who are taught by using short stories and those who are taught by using individual activity technique and to know the students’ responses to the use of short stories in teaching reading comprehension. This research was a quasi experimental study. The populations of this study were one class was selected randomly as the sample consisting of 48 English students of Tarbiyah of Muhammadiyah University of Aceh. The experimental class was treated consisting of 25 students by using short stories and the control class was treated consisting of 23 students by using individual activity technique. The quantitative data are obtained from the result of pre-test and posttest score of the students’ reading comprehension and the qualitative data are obtained from the questionnaire distributed at the end of meeting to know the students’ responses toward the implementation of the use of short stories in teaching reading comprehension. The data were computed and processed into futher inferential statistics, the normality and the homogeneity of the data were examined. The results of the normality and homogeneity test showed that the data were normal (6,23) and homogeneous (1,64) As a result, the score of the post-test of the experimental group is higher than that of the control group (80:65) by which the gained score for t-test was 8 while the value for t-table was 1.684 at the level of significance 0.05. It means that t-score was higher than t-table (8 > 1.684). It can be concluded that the students who were taught by using short stories had a better achievement in teaching reading comprehension than those who taught by using individual activity technique. In brief, the use of short stories in teaching reading comprehension enables to develop the quality of students’ reading comprehension and gives good responses and the result of questionnaire showed that 84% of the students responded strongly agree, 14% responded agree, 1% responded disagree and 1% responded strongly disagree. Most students liked and agreed with teaching reading comprehension through short stories.

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